Bird Watching Blog in Sri Lanka

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10 AUG

Birds of Sri Lanka ?.....

Sri Lanka's abundant bird-life makes the island a true Ornithologist's paradise. Of the 427 recorded species, 250 are resident and 23 are endemic to the country. With such a variety of environments ranging from wet to dry zone, forest to jungle, and hill country to low lands, there's no end to the fascinating locations in which to spot many of these beautiful birds. Most of the endemic birds (such as the Sri Lankan grackle) are restricted to the wet zone, while birds such as the Sri Lanka whistling thrush and the yellow-eared bulbul reside in the hill country. Others, like the brilliantly plumaged jungle fowl, the striking red-faced malkoha and the shy brown-capped babbler can be found in forests and sanctuaries throughout the island. Among the best areas for sighting these birds are the SINHARAJA RAIN FOREST Reserve and the ADAM'S PEAK WILDERNESS SANCTUARY.

Sri Lanka a tropical island of just 65,000 square kilometers in size, the richness of its bio-diversity is well reflected by its sheer concentration of avifauna. Currently 439 species have been recorded with 236 being resident and 203 being migrants or visitors, and 33 species are endemic to Sri Lanka along with 68 sub-species amongst the resident forms. The latest addition to the endemic list of Sri Lanka is Serendib Scops owl.

The large lakes (irrigation reservoirs) in the dry zone attract numerous varieties of duck, while larger aquatic birds such as stork, heron, egret, spoonbill, pelican, and ibis can easily be seen in the wetlands, especially at Wirawila, Kalametiya and BUNDALA NATIONAL PARK (which is also famed for its large flocks of migrant flamingoes). Around mid-August the first migratory species arrive in Sri Lanka . Large flocks of sandpipers, stints, plovers, terns and harriers fly over from Nothern India, Siberia, Scandinavia and Western Europe and settle along the lagoons and salterns of the eastern, north-western and south-eastern coasts. In the forested areas of Sri Lanka , birds like migratory tree warblers, thrushes and cuckoos can be seen.

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21 NOV

Critically Endangered birds species of Sri Lanka

When we speak about critically endangered bird species of Sri Lanka there are number of factors that come under it. Primarily comes climate and topographical conditions. Sri Lanka apart having critically endangered bird species have been recognized as one of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots. This reminds us that even though Sri Lanka has critically endangered bird species it still has significaly high diversity of animals, birds, insects and plants. Apart from this Sri Lanka has a very special place among the world birdwatchers and locally too.

Each year significant amount of tourist come to Sri Lanka just to find and observe and take pictures of the birds of Sri Lanka.Within Sri Lanka also there are number of clubs dedicated to protect and observe birdlife of Sri Lanka.

Ten bird species are classified as severely endangered on the 2007 IUCN Red List for Sri Lanka, and numerous others are listed as endangered and vulnerable. While certain birds appear to be experiencing extremely specific problems, many of the species are thought to be declining in number due to a lack of habit. Because of the birds' elusiveness or the general lack of interest in and knowledge of birds, scientists have occasionally found it challenging to do further research into a species.

Currently, there are 237 resident bird species in Sri Lanka, at least 26 of which are indigenous species. In addition to this, numerous migrating birds also stop by the island. However, in recent years, several of Sri Lanka's bird species have come under threat, primarily as a result of human activity and habitat loss.

Below mentioned are some of the critically endangered bird species of Sri Lanka

01 - Jungle Bush Quail (Perdicula asiatica)

Jungle bush quail is considered one of critically endangered bird species of Sri Lanka.Jungle bush quail is a ground dwelling bird and it is founded across the subcontinent. Even though it’s founded across the subcontinent it is only considered endangered in Sri Lanka. Jungle bush quail’s population has been contracted since 1950’s.This is because of human activities and deforestation.

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02 - Painted Francolin (Francolinus pictus)

Painted francolin also known as painted partridge and painted Francolin is mostly found in central and southern India and in south eastern Sri Lanka. The painted francolin was first discovered by British. They found it in the grassland of Uva and central province. This bird has lost most of its habitat because of the tea plantation. The other threat to this bird was that Englishmen used to shoot down painted francolin for fun. The painted francolin has reduced in numbers over the years, and is now limited to the Bibile-Nilgala area lower down in the Uva Province.

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03 - Yellow Legged Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus)

The yellow-legged green pigeon, unquestionably one of the nicer species of pigeon, is the state bird of Maharashtra and may be found over most of India. But regrettably, a large portion of its fame in Sri Lanka stems from being a bird that is critically endangered. The painted partridge and jungle bush quail can also be found in the same locations as the yellow-legged green pigeon, despite it not being a ground-dwelling bird.

Therefore, environmentalists have been advocating for the designation of a dedicated jungle corridor for a long time in order to offer solutions to safeguard all three of these birds. In the Nilgala region, between the Maduru Oya and Gal Oya national parks, a jungle corridor (or wildlife corridor) would provide protection in a grassland that is currently being continuously encroached upon by people. He claims that protecting this area is essential since it is the last known habitat of three endangered species, all of which are said to be more colorful than their Indian counterparts despite not being unique to Sri Lanka.

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04 – Blue Rock Pigeon (Columba Livia)

The feral pigeon species typically found here is divided into several subspecies, one of which is the blue rock pigeon. The Portuguese and later the English are thought to have brought the more widespread feral species to Sri Lanka for use as messengers and pets, respectively. This indicates that the feral pigeons, who have a larger, more extensive population, were only brought to Sri Lanka as a result of colonization, despite the fact that they are presently much less common than the blue rock pigeons.

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05 – Blue Eared Kingfisher (Alcedo meninting)

The blue eared kingfisher is usually an enigmatic species of Kingfishers mostly because it isn’t yet known if it’s native to the island or it’s just a vagrant bird. Because of lack of data on this bird’s activities in Sri Lanka. This blue eared kingfisher has resemblance to the common kingfisher. Sightings of blue eared kingfisher are vary rare.

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06 – Saunders Turn (Sterna saundersi)

The Sauders's Tern is a common species elsewhere in the world, but it is not a "common bird" anywhere, according to Gunawardena. The Bundala neighborhood in Hambantota and a few locations in the Mannar region, he added, are the only places in Sri Lanka where it is known to breed. It is a coastal area bird that is frequently mistaken for the ubiquitous and common Little Tern.

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07 – Indian courser (Cursorius Coromandelicus)

Indian courser is a carnivorous bird that feeds on insects and is confined to the northern province of Sri Lanka.even then, just too a few particular areas. As a result of the war, sightings of the bird were not reported for a very long time. However, sightings from Mannar were reported following the conflict. Unfortunately, these birds are in grave danger because of the region's expanding development. "The only way to safeguard them is to protect their recognized habitats," adding that "they have what we call small, scattered, and isolated populations."

It will be difficult to accomplish this because the Indian Courser is known to only inhabit open terrain in arid regions with limited vegetation - regions that are frequently regarded as wasteland and ideal for construction.

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08 – Jerdon’s Baza (Aviceda Jerdoni)

This small hawk like bird is named after to honor the naturalist Thomas C Jerdon. It’s a tree dwelling raptor bird with a small crest on the crown of its head. This bird can be found in parts of central Sabaragamauwa, Uva and eastern province. Although it can be found in several areas it’s found only in very small numbers

He said that the problem with raptors is that their population density can be very low, as they are confined to specific localities only.Although the Jerdon’s Baza is not known to be directly killed or harmed by humans, its habitats have been facing destruction over the years.

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09 – Spot Billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)

Spot billed duck was considered as a migrant bird to Sri Lanka until 2003. It was found out that it was breeding in Mannar region. These duck species have established themselves in Northern Province but hard to find because they remain hidden.

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10 – Black Necked Stroke (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)

Black necked stork has been identified as near threatened bird. In Sri Lanka this bird has faced a slightly mysterious fate in Sri Lanka. According to Gunawardena, this stork was always known to have a recorded population of only around twenty or so, with no visible increase, and no way to determine what has kept their numbers so low.In spite of being so hard to find, the black-necked stork has been identified as the tallest bird in Sri Lanka. If at all the bird is to be spotted, it would likely be in the areas in and around the Kumana and Yala national parks.

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14 NOV

Water birds of Wilpattu national park:A Glimpse into the Water birds of Sri Lanka

The Wilpattu National Park hosts a variety of rich biodiversity. Wilapttu national park is home for a large amount of endemic and migratory birds. Among these birds there are large number of water birds. Once you go on a jeep tour in Wilpattu national park you can witness these amazing water birds. Among these water birds there are most visible birds such as Garganey, Pintail, Whistling Teal, Spoonbill, White Ibis, Large White Egret & Purple heron.

01 - GARGANEY (Spatula querquedula)

Small and often rather unobtrusive duck of wetlands with reedy and other fringing vegetation. Handsome male distinctive, with big white eyebrow on dark brown head, pale gray flanks; pale gray forewing striking in flight. Female very similar to female Green-winged Teal but head pattern more contrasting, with paler eyebrow, darker eyestripe, and unstreaked whitish throat. Breeds widely across Eurasia; winters in Africa and southern Asia. Migrants can be on more open water, even tidal mudflats. Associates readily with other ducks; feeds mainly by dabbling.

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02 - NORTHERN PINTAIL (Anas acuta)

Elegant, slender duck with long neck and tail. Males have a chocolate brown head with a white slash coming up the neck, white breast, and mostly gray body. Females are patterned light brown. Forages in wetlands and in fields on agricultural waste grains.

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03 – LESSER WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna javanica)

A small, well-proportioned, tree-nesting duck. Pale brown overall with a darker brown crown and nape, warmer chestnut underparts, and chestnut-fringed feathers on the back. Note the faint orange-yellow eyering and the dark gray bill and legs. Sexes similar; juveniles duller. A gregarious duck found in shallow water bodies with abundant vegetation. Flies with rapid wingbeats on broad dark wings; note flashing chestnut shoulders and chestnut rump. Call is a wheezy whistling “seasick-seasick."

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04 – SPOONBILL (Platalea)

This is an interesting water bird that is often seen resting close to large secluded water bodies with its beak tucked under its wings. They feed by wading in shallow water with their beaks partly opened and moving the head quite fast in a semi-circular motion. Sometimes flock of 30- 40 birds will move together feeding in this manner. Any small aquatic animal that comes between its mandibles is instantly detected by its sensitive beak and swallowed.

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05 – WHITE IBIS (Eudocimus albus)

This is a resident species that is native to the Indian Subcontinent and South-east Asia. Other than in Sri Lanka it is found in India, Bangladesh and Nepal up to Japan.The conservation status of the species under reference is regarded as Least Concerned. The White Ibis is a species protected under the Fauna and Flora Protection. In Wilpattu this species can be observed at most villus and water bodies in small numbers. Large flocks of up to 50 birds can be observed towards the northern part of the park such as Periya Villu and Maila Villu. Capturing a good photograph of this species can be a challenge as this is a black and white bird. One has to exercise caution in balancing the light to ensure that the white is not overexposed while capturing the details of the black head.

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06 – LARGE WHITE EGRET (Ardea alba)

This is a very common breeding resident found throughout the lowlands. It is found in most tropical and temperate regions of the world. It is equally common in the wet zone and the dry zone. It is a common bird in the north and is seen in large numbers in the Mannar and Jaffna peninsula.

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08 – PURPLE HERON (Ardea purpurea)

Large heron with rusty head and streaky neck; juvenile is extensively rusty brown on upper parts. Favors fresh marshes with tall reeds and other vegetation. Often more retiring than Gray Heron and rarely seen in open situations. Only likely to be confused with larger and bulkier Gray Heron, which is paler and grayer overall, with a stouter bill.

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05 Jan

1. What makes Sri Lanka a great destination for bird watching?

Sri Lanka boasts rich biodiversity, making it a paradise for bird enthusiasts. With diverse habitats, including rainforests, wetlands, and highlands, the island is home to a wide variety of bird species.

2. Which are the best bird watching locations in Sri Lanka?

Key birding hotspots include Sinharaja Rainforest, Horton Plains National Park, Bundala National Park, and Yala National Park. These areas offer diverse ecosystems and a plethora of bird species.

3. What is the best time for bird watching tours in Sri Lanka?

The ideal time for bird watching is from November to April when migratory birds join the resident species. However, different regions may have slightly varied optimal periods.

4. What types of birds can be spotted in Sri Lanka?

Sri Lanka is home to over 450 bird species, including endemics like the Sri Lanka Junglefowl and Serendib Scops Owl. Other notable species include the Indian Peafowl, painted stork, and various eagles.

5. Are guided bird watching tours available?

Yes, many tour operators offer guided bird watching tours with experienced naturalists. These guides help identify species, share insights on bird behavior, and ensure a rewarding experience.

6. What should I bring on a bird watching tour?

Essential items include binoculars, a field guide, comfortable clothing, sturdy footwear, and a hat. It's also advisable to carry a water bottle and a camera for capturing memorable moments.

7. Can beginners participate in bird watching tours?

Absolutely! Many tours cater to beginners, providing introductory sessions on bird identification and behavior. Guides offer valuable insights, making the experience enjoyable for all skill levels.

8. Is it necessary to book bird watching tours in advance?

While spontaneous tours are possible, it's advisable to book in advance, especially during peak birding seasons. This ensures availability and allows for better planning.

9. Are accommodations provided during bird watching tours?

Yes, most tour packages include accommodation options ranging from eco-friendly lodges to luxury resorts, ensuring a comfortable stay close to birding sites.

10. How can I contribute to conservation efforts during bird watching tours?

Supporting eco-friendly and responsible tourism practices contributes to conservation. Choose operators committed to sustainability, and adhere to ethical birding guidelines to minimize environmental impact.

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23 JAN

Bird Watching Tours in Anawilundawa, Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, renowned for its diverse ecosystems and rich biodiversity, beckons birdwatching enthusiasts with a plethora of avian wonders. Among the hidden gems of birdwatching destinations in the country, Anawilundawa stands out as a sanctuary that promises an immersive experience for nature lovers on bird watching tours of Sri Lanka.

Nestled in the northwestern part of Sri Lanka, Anawilundawa is a complex of wetlands that serves as a haven for a wide variety of bird species. From migratory birds to resident wonders, the sanctuary's diverse landscapes, including marshes, lagoons, and mangroves, provide a unique canvas for birdwatchers to explore. Anawilundawa is a hotspot for bird watching tours of Sri Lanka.

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Several tour operators in Sri Lanka offer specialized in bird watching tours of Sri Lanka, ensuring enthusiasts can make the most of their visit to Anawilundawa. The bird watching tours of Sri Lanka often include experienced guides with in-depth knowledge of the region's avian inhabitants, making the bird watching tours pf Sri Lanka experience informative and enriching.

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Anawilundawa serves as a crucial stopover for migratory birds along their journey, attracting species like the majestic flamingos, elegant shorebirds, and vibrant waterfowl. Additionally, the sanctuary is home to a variety of resident birds, including the striking Purple Heron, the colorful Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, and the elusive Yellow-fronted Barbet.

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Bird watching tours in Anawilundawa typically include visits to prime birding hotspots within the sanctuary. The scenic Bundala National Park, with its interconnected lagoons, offers a diverse range of bird species, while the Anawilundawa Tank and its surrounding marshes provide a tranquil setting for observing both migratory and resident birds.

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The increasing popularity of bird watching tours of Sri Lanka also emphasizes the importance of sustainable tourism practices. Tour operators often collaborate with local conservation initiatives, promoting responsible bird watching that contributes to the preservation of Anawilundawa's delicate eco system. Enthusiasts embarking on bird watching tours of Sri Lanka, particularly in Anawilundawa, should come prepared with essential gear. Binoculars, a field guide specific to Sri Lankan birds, and comfortable clothing for varied terrain are crucial for a rewarding bird watching tours of Sri Lanka experience.

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Bird watching tours of Sri Lanka, with a focus on destinations like Anawilundawa, offer a gateway to the captivating world of avian diversity. As you explore the sanctuary's wetlands and witness the symphony of bird calls, you not only add to your bird watching repertoire but also contribute to the conservation efforts that ensure the sustainability of Anawilundawa's natural treasures. Embrace the enchanting journey of bird watching in this lesser-known sanctuary, where every moment unveils a new feathered marvel waiting to be discovered."

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14 FEB

Exploring the Majestic Raptor Birds of Sri Lanka with Bird watching tours in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, with its diverse ecosystems and rich biodiversity, is a paradise for bird watchers and nature enthusiasts. Among the myriad bird species that call this island nation home, raptor birds stand out as some of the most captivating and majestic creatures to observe in the wild. Bird watching tours in Sri Lanka offer unique opportunities to witness these aerial predators in their natural habitats, providing unforgettable experiences for avid bird watchers and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

Sri Lanka is home to a variety of raptor species, ranging from large eagles to sleek falcons and graceful kites. Among the most iconic raptors found on the island while you are on a bird watching tours in sri lanka are the Crested Serpent Eagle, the White-bellied Sea Eagle, the Brahminy Kite, and the Changeable Hawk-Eagle. These birds of prey exhibit a diverse range of behaviors and hunting techniques, making each encounter a fascinating glimpse into the intricacies of nature's design.

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Bird watching tours in Sri Lanka offer access to a multitude of prime birding locations where raptor birds can be spotted in their natural habitats. National parks and wildlife sanctuaries such as Yala National Park, Wilpattu National Park, and Udawalawe National Park are renowned for their rich avian diversity, including various raptor species. The hill country regions of Nuwara Eliya and Horton Plains National Park also provide excellent opportunities to observe high-altitude raptors soaring amidst mist-covered mountains when you are indulge on a bird watching tours in sri lanka.

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Raptor birds possess a remarkable array of adaptations that enable them to thrive in diverse environments. From keen eyesight and sharp talons to powerful wings and agile flight maneuvers, these birds have evolved specialized traits for hunting and survival. Bird watching tours offer enthusiasts the chance to witness firsthand the unique behaviors of raptors, such as soaring on thermal updrafts, swooping down to catch prey, and engaging in aerial displays during courtship rituals.

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Despite their awe-inspiring presence, raptor birds face numerous threats to their survival, including habitat loss, human-wildlife conflicts, and poaching. Conservation organizations and wildlife authorities in Sri Lanka are actively involved in efforts to protect raptor populations and their habitats through initiatives such as habitat restoration, anti-poaching measures, and public awareness campaigns. bird watching tours in sri lanka play a vital role in promoting conservation by fostering appreciation for these magnificent birds and their importance in maintaining ecological balance.

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Bird watching tours in Sri Lanka offer a captivating journey into the world of raptor birds, where enthusiasts can marvel at the beauty, grace, and power of these avian predators. Whether soaring over pristine wilderness or perched majestically atop towering trees, raptors embody the untamed spirit of nature and serve as ambassadors for the conservation of our planet's precious biodiversity. For travelers seeking unforgettable wildlife experiences and a deeper connection with nature, Sri Lanka's raptor-rich landscapes beckon with the promise of adventure and discovery.

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25 APRIL

Bird Watching Tours in Sri Lanka: Exploring the Fascinating Drongo Species

Bird watching enthusiasts flock to Sri Lanka, a paradise for avian enthusiasts, to catch sight of its diverse and vibrant birdlife. Among the numerous species that grace the island's skies, the drongos stand out as charismatic and captivating birds. With their sleek plumage, distinctive calls, and intriguing behaviors, drongos attract both seasoned birders and curious travelers on bird watching tours in Sri Lanka. Let's delve into the various types of drongo birds found in Sri Lanka, each offering a unique allure to bird watchers.

01 - Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

The first type of drongo that comes across with bird watching tours in sri lanka is the Black Drongo, often dubbed as the "King Crow," is a common sight across Sri Lanka's diverse habitats, from forests to urban areas. Recognizable by its glossy black plumage and forked tail, this species is known for its agility in flight and its remarkable mimicry skills. Black Drongos are adept at imitating the calls of other birds and even mimic certain sounds from their surroundings, adding an element of surprise to bird watching excursions. These birds are commonly found across various habitats in Sri Lanka, including forests, urban areas, and agricultural lands. Popular birding locations such as Sinharaja Rainforest, Bundala National Park, and Yala National Park offer opportunities to spot Black Drongos.

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02 - Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)

The next type of drongo associated with bird watching tours in Sri Lanka is the most striking members of the drongo family, the Greater Racket-tailed Drongo captivates bird watchers with its long, elegant tail adorned with distinctive racket-shaped tips. These sociable birds are often spotted in the canopy of rainforests and wooded areas, where they display remarkable acrobatics while chasing insects. Their melodious calls and playful antics make them a favorite among birding enthusiasts exploring Sri Lanka's lush greenery. Look for these striking birds in the canopy of rainforests and wooded areas. Key locations include Sinharaja Rainforest, Horton Plains National Park, and Knuckles Mountain Range.

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03 – White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens)

The White-bellied Drongo adds a splash of contrast to bird watching tours in Sri Lanka with its striking black plumage and contrasting white belly. Found in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands and agricultural areas, this species is known for its aerial displays during courtship and its swift, agile flights as it hunts for insects. Observing the White-bellied Drongo in its natural habitat provides bird watchers with memorable encounters and photographic opportunities. Found in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands and agricultural areas. You can encounter them in locations such as Udawalawe National Park, Minneriya National Park, and Wilpattu National Park.

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04 – Sri Lanka Crested Drongo (Dicrurus lophorhinus)

When we come to bird watching tours in Sri Lanka this Sri Lanka crested drongo is endemic to Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Crested Drongo is a sought-after species for bird watchers exploring the island's tropical forests and montane regions. Distinguished by its glossy black plumage and prominent crest, this drongo species exudes elegance and charisma. Its melodious calls resonate through the dense foliage, offering a soundtrack to the enchanting landscapes frequented by birding enthusiasts on guided tours. As an endemic species, the Sri Lanka Crested Drongo can be observed in the island's tropical forests and montane regions. Consider exploring locations like Horton Plains National Park, Sinharaja Rainforest, and Knuckles Mountain Range.

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05 – Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

The Ashy Drongo, with its subtle gray plumage and distinctive red eyes, is a common sight in Sri Lanka's lowland forests and scrublands. You can witness this type of drongo when you are on a bird watching tours in Sri Lanka. Agile and vocal, these birds are known for their opportunistic feeding behavior, often perching on exposed branches to scan for prey. These birds inhabit lowland forests and scrublands. You may spot them in places like Udawalawe National Park, Yala National Park, and Wasgamuwa National Park. Their vocal repertoire includes a variety of calls and whistles, adding auditory richness to bird watching expeditions in Sri Lanka's diverse ecosystems.

For bird watching enthusiasts embarking on a bird watching tours in Sri Lanka, encountering the captivating drongo species is a highlight of the experience. Whether admiring the aerial displays of the Greater Racket-tailed Drongo or listening to the melodious calls of the Sri Lanka Crested Drongo, each encounter offers a glimpse into the fascinating world of avian diversity in this tropical paradise. With knowledgeable guides leading the way, bird watchers are treated to memorable encounters and unforgettable moments amidst Sri Lanka's breathtaking natural landscapes.

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25 APRIL

Pigeon Species of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, renowned for its rich biodiversity and stunning landscapes, offers a haven for birding enthusiasts seeking to encounter a myriad of avian species. Among the diverse array of birds that grace the island's skies, pigeons stand out as both ubiquitous and fascinating. From the iconic Rock Pigeon to the elusive Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon, these birds captivate bird watchers with their beauty and behavior. Join us as we delve into the various types of pigeons found in Sri Lanka, along with prime locations for observing them on birding tours in Sri Lanka.

01 - Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

The Rock Pigeon, perhaps the most familiar pigeon species worldwide, is a common sight in urban areas across Sri Lanka. Recognizable by its gray plumage and distinctive cooing calls, these adaptable birds are often found roosting on buildings, cliffs, and monuments. Birding tours in Sri Lanka cities such as Colombo, Kandy, and Galle offer ample opportunities to observe Rock Pigeons up close in their urban habitats.

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02 - Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon (Columba torringtoni)

Endemic to Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon is a prized find for bird watchers exploring the island's lush forests and montane regions. Distinguished by its slate-gray plumage and conspicuous white patches on its wings, this elusive species inhabits dense forest canopies, making sightings a rewarding challenge. Prime locations for encountering the Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon on a birding tours in Sri Lanka include Horton Plains National Park, Sinharaja Rainforest, and Knuckles Mountain Range.

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03 – Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

The Eurasian Collared Dove, introduced to Sri Lanka, has established itself as a common resident in urban and suburban areas, as well as open habitats such as farmland and scrublands. With its subtle gray-buff plumage and distinctive black collar, this species is often seen perched on wires or foraging on the ground. Birding tours in Sri Lanka in areas like Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, and Sigiriya provide opportunities to observe Eurasian Collared Doves in their adopted habitats.

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04 – Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica))

The Emerald Dove, also known as the Green Imperial Pigeon, is a beautiful and shy species found in the dense forests of Sri Lanka. Sporting iridescent green plumage and a striking red eye ring, these birds prefer the understory of rainforests and wooded areas. Birding tours in Sri Lanka to locations such as Sinharaja Rainforest, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, and Udawattakele Sanctuary offer chances to glimpse these elusive birds.

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05 – Orange-breasted Green Pigeon (Treron bicinctus)

Endemic to Sri Lanka, the Orange-breasted Green Pigeon is a stunning species adorned with vibrant orange and green plumage. These pigeons inhabit forested areas, feeding on fruits and berries in the canopy. Birding tours in Sri Lanka to locations like Sinharaja Rainforest, Horton Plains National Park, and Wasgamuwa National Park provide opportunities to observe Orange-breasted Green Pigeons amidst the verdant foliage.

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06 – Sri Lanka Green Pigeon (Treron pompadora)

The Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, another endemic species, is characterized by its emerald-green plumage and striking yellow eye ring. These pigeons are often spotted in the canopy of lowland and montane forests, feeding on fruits and seeds. Bird watchers can encounter Sri Lanka Green Pigeons in locations such as Sinharaja Rainforest, Knuckles Mountain Range, and Kitulgala Forest Reserve.

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07 – Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea)

The Green Imperial Pigeon, also known as the Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, is a widespread species found in forests and wooded areas across Sri Lanka. With its glossy green plumage and elegant appearance, this pigeon adds a touch of elegance to the island's avifauna. Birding tours in Sri Lanka to locations like Sinharaja Rainforest, Horton Plains National Park, and Wilpattu National Park offer opportunities to observe Green Imperial Pigeons in their natural habitat.

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08 – Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera)

The Yellow-footed Green Pigeon, distinguished by its bright yellow feet and green plumage, is a striking species found in wooded habitats and agricultural areas. These pigeons are often seen in flocks feeding on fruits and grains. Birding tours in Sri Lanka to locations such as Udawalawe National Park, Yala National Park, and Bundala National Park provide opportunities to observe Yellow-footed Green Pigeons in diverse environments.

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09 – Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis)

The Oriental Turtle Dove, a migrant species, can be observed in Sri Lanka during the winter months. With its subdued plumage and gentle demeanor, this dove frequents open habitats, including gardens, parks, and agricultural lands. Birding tours in Sri Lanka in locations such as Colombo, Kandy, and Nuwara Eliya offer opportunities to spot Oriental Turtle Doves during their seasonal visits.

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10 – Red Turtle Dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica)

The Red Turtle Dove, similar in appearance to the Oriental Turtle Dove, is a common resident in Sri Lanka's urban and suburban areas. With its reddish plumage and black-and-white striped collar, this species adds a splash of color to urban environments. Birding tours in Sri Lanka in cities such as Colombo, Galle, and Negombo provide opportunities to observe Red Turtle Doves in urban habitats.

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11 – Pale-capped Pigeon (Columba punicea)

The Pale-capped Pigeon, characterized by its distinctive pale gray cap, is found in forested habitats across Sri Lanka. These pigeons inhabit both lowland and montane forests, where they feed on fruits and seeds. Birding tours in Sri Lanka to locations such as Sinharaja Rainforest, Horton Plains National Park, and Knuckles Mountain Range offer opportunities to encounter Pale-capped Pigeons amidst the diverse flora of Sri Lanka's forests.

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12 – Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis)

The Spotted Dove, introduced to Sri Lanka, is a familiar sight in urban and rural areas, as well as open habitats such as scrublands and agricultural lands. With its sandy brown plumage and distinctive black spots on its wings, this species is often seen foraging on the ground or perched on wires and branches. Birding tours in Sri Lanka in areas such as Colombo, Galle, and Anuradhapura provide opportunities to observe Spotted Doves in a variety of habitats.

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For birding enthusiasts eager to explore the diverse pigeon species of Sri Lanka, guided birding tours offer unparalleled opportunities to discover these avian treasures amidst the island's breathtaking landscapes. With knowledgeable guides leading the way, bird watchers can embark on unforgettable journeys through tropical rainforests, montane regions, and coastal habitats, encountering an abundance of birdlife along the way. Whether admiring the vibrant plumage of endemic species or observing migratory visitors, birding tours in Sri Lanka promise unforgettable experiences for enthusiasts of all levels. Join us on a birding adventure and discover the captivating world of pigeons in Sri Lanka


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06 MAY

Robin Bird Species in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, with its rich biodiversity and varied ecosystems, is home to several species of robins, each adding its own splash of color and melody to the island's natural tapestry. Among these avian gems are the Oriental Magpie Robin, White-rumped Shama, Indian Black Robin, and Indian Blue Robin, all of which enchant birdwatchers with their beauty and songs.

01 - Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)

The Oriental Magpie Robin, often simply called the Magpie Robin, is a familiar sight across Sri Lanka. With its striking black and white plumage, the male sports a glossy black upper body contrasting with a snowy white belly, while the female is more subdued in coloration. Known for its melodious song, this robin species frequents a variety of habitats including parks, gardens, forests, and even urban areas. It's a common sight in places like:

  • • Sinharaja Forest Reserve
  • • Udawattakele Forest Reserve (Kandy)
  • • Bundala National Park
  • • Yala National Park

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02 - White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus)

The White-rumped Shama, celebrated for its vibrant reddish-brown plumage and melodious calls, is another prized resident of Sri Lanka's forests and wooded areas. While it's more elusive compared to the Oriental Magpie Robin, patient observers are rewarded with glimpses of its beauty. The White-rumped Shama can be spotted in:

  • • Sinharaja Forest Reserve
  • • Horton Plains National Park
  • • Kanneliya Forest Reserve
  • • Knuckles Mountain Range


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03 – Indian Black Robin (Saxicoloides fulicatus)

The Indian Black Robin, as its name suggests, is characterized by its glossy black plumage, punctuated by striking white patches on the wings and tail. Despite its name, this robin species is a common resident in Sri Lanka, particularly in forested habitats. Look for the Indian Black Robin in:

  • • Sinharaja Forest Reserve
  • • Wilpattu National Park
  • • Udawalawe National Park
  • • Wasgamuwa National Park


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04 – Indian Blue Robin (Larvivora brunnea)

The Indian Blue Robin, a true gem among Sri Lanka's birdlife, boasts stunning blue-gray plumage that dazzles observers lucky enough to encounter it. This robin species prefers the dense undergrowth of forests, making it a challenging but rewarding find for birdwatchers. Keep an eye out for the Indian Blue Robin in:

  • • Sinharaja Forest Reserve
  • • Knuckles Mountain Range
  • • Horton Plains National Park
  • • Kithulgala Forest Reserve


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